Tuesday, May 26, 2020
During the last century, through massive industrialization and undeniable advancements, the world stepped into the Age of Technology. In a much developed society today, the different companies compete for patents over technical skills, arousing so-called cyber war. In modern age, cyber-attack has been a continuous problem as it gets more advanced and harder to stop. As seen in the Chart on the side, the number of reported cyber-attack incidents grew continuously since 2006. It is no more an ignorable issue as it brings significant damages daily to the corporations and even the government agencies. These severely detrimental cyber-attacks also bring out an ethical dilemmatic question: Should the companies admit that they have been hacked?Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Not only that, it is almost impossible to detect most modern cyber-attacks as they continuously devise the method. Now, the government-related companies that control power-grid and even nuclear facilities are daily gett ing cyber-attacks, which may possibly bring the whole world to end. Cyber-attack is not a problem to be taken lightly as it may bring huge consequences. However, it is uneasy to really figure out how to deal with the attacks once they have happened. Many people believe the companies must admit publicly that they have been hacked, and it is not very hard to figure out the reasons behind. The Securities and Exchange Commission and the recently established federal law entitle most businesses to disclose the cyber-attack risks to their investors and customers. Not only is it their duty towards the customers, but also, all the companies should work together to make efforts to fight cyber-attacks, learning and improving from the incidence. Sharing the information rather than standing silent gives off more chance to prevent next attack. For the common good, companies must make certain sacrifices. On the other hand, some people who believe the companies should not be required to publicly an nounce that they have been hacked bring up quite crucial points. Because cyber-attack itself significantly damages the company, enforcing them to release the information on attack only puts them into more of a dire situation, leaving them withShow MoreRelatedPrivacy Risks in the Digital Age1271 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPrivacy in Digital Age The Risk of Digital Age Indeed, the Digital age has been considered as one of the greatest development of the world today. It has brought different benefits to the lives of people and catered all their needs and wants. As the world gets into crave for things that are Ã¢â¬Å"quick and easyÃ¢â¬ , the Digital Age had posed threat to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s privacy and security (Meeks, 2000). The advancement in new technologies and gadgets should not only be considered as something good that came intoRead MoreImpact Of Technology On Society1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof technology in our society There is no doubt that technology has been bettering the way that we learn and makes it more enjoyable and easier than ever. No more fear from going to school early, meet teachers and waste time looking for books on large library shelves. Nowadays with the modern technology people save time, money and energy. They can do a vast number of important things in brief time, with a simple click even while staying in their beds. Of course, not everything about technology isRead MoreTechnology And Technology Essay1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTodayÃ¢â¬â¢s world is technology driven; people need to incorporate the usage of technology into their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives at a young age. In recent years technology has overwhelmed society; it is seen in every aspect of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life whether it be at home, school, or amidst the public. The incorporation of technology into societyÃ¢â¬â¢s lives leads to the opportunity for incredible knowledge. It provides people with information and understandi ng that no one could ever have imagined. Technology is what will advanceRead MoreThe World Of Information Technology1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAll about Information Technology The world of technology is advancing along with time; it is our duty to learn new skills to keep up with all these changes. Information Technology is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the study or use of systems (especially computers and telecommunications) for storing, retrieving, and sending informationÃ¢â¬ , according to Google. This means that in order to store data, retrieve data and send data, an Information Technology professional is needed. This is why, this industry is a promisingRead MoreHow Technology Has Changed Our Society848 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespossible. In the last century technology has flourished due the changes in the way the mind works. These new technological inventions have proved to be very helpful in day-to-day basis. Children utilize computers, cell phones, and television to their learning advantage. The way children are developing is very different than children of past generations because of the new technology they are growing up with (Taylor). As the use of technology increases amongst all age groups, there is evidence thatRead MoreThe Impact of Technology on Business Essay1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe computer has introduced the world to the internet. The internet has brought us into a new age of development. Through computer technology and internet development, business are rapidly developing and at the same speed changing. The introduction of computers has given business an interesting upper hand by supplying companies with endlessly amounts of information. The Computer age, also known as, the Information age developed an environment of free flowing information. Between theRead MoreMobile Phones Today965 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1. Introduction As at July 2013, there were 7,095,217,980 people in the world. According to the world population statistics for the year 2013, 8.2% of the world population are elders (male 257,035,416/female 321,753,746). 53% of the world population own a smart phone. Out of the 7 million people in the world, over 4.3 billion people use mobile phones and this will increase to 5.1 billion by 2017. (Fox, 2013) Technology evolves day-by-day. Scientist became inquisitive about how to make mobile phoneRead MoreCompare and Contrast the Current Era of Globalization with the First Age of Globalization (1850s-1920s). What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization in Its Current Context?1720 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages220089143 Course code: MM202 Assignment question: topic 1 Compare and contrast the current era of globalization with the first age of globalization (1850s-1920s). What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization in its current context? Word count: 1530 Ã Unit Coordinator: Dr Tony Ramsay I am going to contrast the current era of globalization with the first age of globalization in many different aspects, in the mean time analysis the merits and demerits ofÃ£â¬â¬globalization in its current contextRead MoreThe Technology And Advancements Of Middle Ages886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe technology and advancements of Middle Ages have often been misrepresented throughout the years. The excruciating amount of effort to create a book that skillfully describes the aforementioned innovations could overwhelm any author. However, renowned historians and authors, Frances and Joseph Gies, a dynamic couple, successfully collaborated on several books on the medieval history, including the book, Cathedral, Forge, and Waterwheel, which is the subject of discussion and review. Within theRead MoreNeil Postmans Arguments on Societys Losses Brought on by Technology907 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand history in terms of the effects of technology on western culture. For Postman, it seems more imp ortant to consider what society loses from new technology than what it gains. To illustrate this, Postman uses the Egyptian mythology called The Judgment of Thamus, which attempts to explain how the development of writing in Egyptian civilization decreases the amount of knowledge and wisdom in the society. He traces the roots of technology to show how technology impacts the moral and intellectual attitude
Friday, May 15, 2020
While many Americans assume Ã¢â¬Å"assisted suicideÃ¢â¬ or physician aid-in-dying (PAD) is unethical, they may not be fully aware of what it is and how it helps people. Imagine a loved one of yours was near the end of their life. The doctors predict only six months or less remain of their life and these next six months will consist of excruciating pain and will be almost too unbearable to comprehend. As the six months progress this person will lose the ability to eat. They will be forced to a diet of flaky ice chips which will put them in a state of relentless hunger making their body weaker and more painful than it had been before. They will also lose the ability to care for themselves and will find themselves relying on family members or complete strangers at times to care for their most private needs. After all this treatment, pain, embarrassment, and utter helplessness the patient will feel as if they have lost their dignity, they will feel as if they are a burden to everyone around them and will even become depressed in some cases. If the loved one lives in Washington State, Oregon, or Vermont they will then be faced with two options regarding the next six hypothetical months they can decide to take on the most unbearable six months of their life or they can resort to an alternative called Ã¢â¬Å"Death with DignityÃ¢â¬ in which they will be administered a dose of medication from their physician that will take their life. The process is painless and can only be administered to patientsShow MoreRelatedThe Ethics of Physician Assisted Death Essay3144 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesaware of the medical predicaments that a physician would ultimately face while practicing medicine. Today, the oath has become an ethical code for the physicians to uphold and apply in their profession. Why is this phrase important enough to be included in this document? Some view this passage as the code that prohibits physicians from lending their abilities for the executions of pr isoners. Others believe that his passage was written to prevent physicians from using their knowledge for murders. HoweverRead MoreThe Fight For Physician Aid2710 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe fight for Physician aid in DyingÃ¢â¬â¢s nation wide legalization. Ever since Dr. Kevorkian or Ã¢â¬Å"Doctor DeathÃ¢â¬ drove his car around the united states assisting over 40 patients to take the own lives physician aid in dying has been a topic which has sparked controversy (DiManno). Although his actions did receive large amounts of negative feed back it did lead much of the population to the question of whether or not it should be legal for an individual to have medical assistance to take their life inRead MoreEuthanasi A Very Gentle And Easy Death1303 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesincurable patients in the Ganges River, and Israel performed this act by feeding patients frankincense. The first signs of opposition towards euthanasia was thus seen by the Jewish society as they valued life as sacred and correlated euthanasia with suicide. Middle-aged Europe felt the same way, as the Christian influence that took over the continent also valued the sixth commandment. The ancient Greeks were the ones who began the act of providing a poisoned drinks to men tally and physically ill patients;Read MoreThe Death Of Physician Assisted Suicide1991 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesOne cannot refuse death. Physician aid-in-death, however, has been targeted for ages by religious groups or those who strictly believe in only prolonging life as a negative thing. Although such reasons are valid, they do not take into consideration the patient s direct wish, feelings, or foresight of how they believe their life will be. Death should be a basic right; same as Physician-Assisted Suicide should be available as an option for those who are mentally competent and terminally ill, or believeRead MoreThe Loss Of Ethical Values1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDr. Jack Kevorkian: The Loss of Ethical Values in Medical Practice The concepts of physician aid-in dying (PAD) and euthanasia are becoming more widespread in the medical field given the technology and resources available. It is important to differentiate between the two because the first has received a lot of support while the latter is illegal and seen as unethical. PAD refers to when a physician provides a competent, terminally ill patient with a prescription for a lethal dose of medication, uponRead MoreEuthanasi The Issue Of Euthanasia1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespainful disease intended as an act of mercy (Newhealthguide.org, 2016). Euthanasia is closely related to doctor assisted suicide. However, the two acts differ in that, euthanasia means injecting a terminally sick patient with lethal dose of a drug or withdrawing feeding tubes to let the patient die of starvation. Assisted suicide on the other hand refers to the process where a physician avails a lethal drug to the patient. The patient or his/her next of kin usually must consent to the ac tion. By JanuaryRead MoreEuthanasi A Choice Of Death2282 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagestheir suffering was as easy as taking a pill that their doctor had prescribed to them? When the treatments become useless and ineffective and the quality of life becomes nonexistent, Physician Assisted Suicide could be the answer to the suffering patientÃ¢â¬â¢s prayers. When looking at the ethicality of Physician Assisted Suicide, it is necessary to compare it to the euthanization of animals. According to veterinarian, Dr. Andy Roark, one of the best ways to determine whether or not euthanasia is needed isRead MoreThere Is Nothing Beautiful About Death2298 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pageswhile the concept of death is frightening to think about, from the moment of our birth, everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s destiny is death. Having conducted a personal survey on how a person would choose to die, ninety percent of twenty people reasoned they would prefer dying in their sleep. The reason being is simple and had a terribly human response. It is peaceful and painless. Most, if not all, people want to die in a dignified light. Without the agony of pain to take away from their last moments. And in a place whereRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesStandards to Follow? 185 Self-Assessment Library How Creative Am I? 190 Point/Counterpoint Checklists Lead to Better Decisions 191 CONTENTS xi Questions for Review 192 Experiential Exercise Biases in Decision Making 193 Ethical Dilemma Do Unethical Decisions Come from Bad Character? 193 Case Incident 1 Computerized Decision Making 194 Case Incident 2 Predictions That DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t Quite Pan Out 195 7 Motivation Concepts 201 Defining Motivation 202 Early Theories of Motivation 203 HierarchyRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pagescrash) that the stock market had reached Ã¢â¬Å"a permanently high plateau.Ã¢â¬ When Neil Armstrong walked on the moon in 1969, most people predicted that we would soon be walking on Mars, establishing colonies in outer space, and launching probes from lunar pads. In 1973, with long lines at the gas pumps due to an OPEC-led fuel crisis, economists predicted that oil would sell for $100 a barrel in the United States by 1980. Most notorious of all, of course, was the prediction by the United States patent office
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Exemplification Everyday, the amount of Americans that become obese increase astronomically. Because of the obesity rate in America, the country became the top fattest nation in the entire world. Because of the high obesity rate in America, many organizations created statistical websites to inform the public of the amount of overweight people in the country. Many clinical websites were established by doctors to inform people about the risk factors of obesity and how to treat obesity. There are many reasons why Americans are overweight, but the main reasons why Americans are so obese because of the amount of fast food restaurants that are around in every corner in America, the misleading information that companies advertise to the public about food products, the lack of healthy diets, food addictions that most people possess from eating junk foods, the amount of sugar that is in unhealthy foods, and the medication that make people overweight. First of all, there are too many fast food restaurants tha t serve rich, greasy food that is unhealthy to eat. As recent studies show, many fast food restaurants such as McDonald s and Burger King, serve fast food for many people to eat daily. However, there are many chemicals and unhealthy materials present such as corn derivatives, sugars, leavening agents, and completely synthetic ingredients in those unhealthy foods. Although, fast food restaurants continue to grow across the country, but people are unaware of the risks that comeShow MoreRelatedObesity : Obesity And Obesity986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesObesity is one of the major health epidemics that human being struggle to deal with it. Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by excessively high body fat in relation to lean body mass. In the last 20 years, people started complaining that fast food is the main cause of rising obesity. However, a lot of research proves that fast food is not the source of obesity. The rising obesity problem cannot be blamed on the fast food industry; ther e are several other factors leads to obesity. OverRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity798 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Obesity Close to over one-third of adults living in the United States are obese (Diet and Obesity). Unfortunately, one third of children in the United States are also obese or overweight. Obesity has grown throughout the United States and has led to major health problem and can even be fatal. About 365,000 or more people die every year due to obesity. With numbers increasing obesity should be furthered examined to help prevent these conditionsRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages5/13/16 Take home Project: Obesity Obesity basically means having too much body fat. Not being overweight for your height, having too much muscle, or water in your body. What exactly is obesity? Ã¢â¬Å"Obesity is a condition that is associated with having an excess of body fat, defined by genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control when dieting. Obesity is classified as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater. BMI is a tool used to measure obesity. Obesity increases your risk ofRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesObesity Epidemic Due to Fast Food or Something More Obesity is rising at a rapid rate here in the United States, especially childhood obesity. The obesity epidemic is one of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s most serious health problems. Adult obesity rates have doubled since 1980 from 15 to 30 percent, while childhood obesity rates have more than tripled. Is there a link in obesity and fast food eating? Are fast food restaurants to blame for our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s obesity issues? Or are we ourselves and our lack of knowledgeRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity Essay1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesleads to health risks and obesity, people are still putting unhealthy food into their body daily. Ã The United States has the highest obesity rate in the world by 6% and the government should be helping to lower that percentage (http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Obesity). Ã The best for the United States to help the obesity rate is by implementing a fat tax. Ã A fat tax is a tax on foods that are considered unhealthy and are believed to lead people to obesity. Ã The main way fat taxesRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconcerned. Doctors often use a formula based on height and weight, called body mass index (BMI), to determine obesity. Children with a BMI over 21 is considered obese and over 18 is overweight (Arnett, J.J.2016). Adults with a BMI of 30 or more are considered obese. Severe obesity, also known as severe obesity or morbid obesity, occurs when a BMI of 40 or more is present. With morbid obesity, there may be serious health problems. If children do not have enough activities, they will not be able to burnRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescertificates, diabetes was mentioned as a cause of death (6). The Centers for Disease Control refers to Ã¢â¬Å"twin epidemics of diabetes and obesity, because obesity greatly increases the risk of diabetes, and the number of Americans who are obese has been increasing rapidlyÃ¢â¬ (9). A newly developed term, Ã¢â¬Å"diabesity,Ã¢â¬ is commonly used to represent the close relationship between obesity and diabetes (8). Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in childhood and is defined when the pancreas fails to produce a healthy amountRead MoreObesity : Obesity And The Obesity2209 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages OBESITY in America As the world is growing day by day the problem of obesity is also increasing all over the world. Since from1980 to 2014, the obesity has risen two times as compared to the previous years. The obesity is related to the how much energy is left, but the most important cause of having the obesity is Ã¢â¬Å"dysbalance between energy intake and energy expenditureÃ¢â¬ (Nazarii Kobyliak 1). The obesity is the excessive fat in the body and it can cause to any age group form child to the oldRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity892 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesadults are considered obese in America. In recent years obesity is the health topic of choice these days because obesity in America is a growing epidemic. One out of twenty people in America have extreme obesity. According to a 2009-2010 survey conducted by the National Health and Nutrition examination this data states that about one third of children and adolescents ages six to nine are considered to be overweight or obese. Adolescent obes ity has more than tripled in young adults and doubled in childrenRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity985 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Obesity is one of the major health epidemic that human being struggle to deal with it. Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by excessively high body fat in relation to lean body mass. In the last 20 years, people started complaining that fast food is the main cause of rising obesity. However, a lot of research proves that fast food is not the source of obesity. The rising obesity problem cannot be blamed on the fast food industry; there are several other factors leads to obesity.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Corporate Responsibility and Management. Answer: Introduction: In the present business environment, maintenance of ethics has emerged as one of the most significant factors. Utilization of proper corporate social responsibility and ethics can actually help organizations to develop strong reputation that eventually will create positive impact on the on the businesses. British Petroleum (BP) is regarded as one of the largest integrated energy organizations. The organization includes activities like exploring, refining, producing, distributing and marketing oil and gas products in the world market. BP also has focuses on the renewable energy sources like solar and wind power. BP produced almost 4 million natural oil and crude oil every day. The company has it presence in more than 100 countries (www.bp.com, 2016). In the essay, the focus will be on the issues of oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that has created huge amount of impact on the maintenance of ethics in the operational process of the British Petroleum. In 2010, BP has experienced an explosion in the drilling platform in the Gulf Mexico area. This has caused the biggest oil spill catastrophe in the history of the oil and gas industry. The essay will focus on all the major ethical factors that the incident has induced BP to consider for the effective operational process. Main Body: As per the article by Brennan (2013) BP oil spill explosion has caused death of the 11 working employee and 17 employee has suffered serious injury. Furthermore, around 150 thousand barrels of crude oil are wasted in the sea on a daily basis for the period of 5 months. As a result, the wasted oil has covered around 68 thousand square miles. Investigation has identified many problems in the explosion rig that has made major contribution to the accident. It has been identified that BP has continued the installation process of the drilling rig with utilization of cheaper design that has increased the amount of risk in the operational process (Michel et al., 2013). Thus, it raises questions over the appropriateness of the operational process of the British Petroleum. In the present business context, environmental protection has come up as one of the prime factors for maintaining ethics in the businesses. However, the disaster has created major impact on the environment of Mexico. Particularly, tourism and seafood industry has been affected heavily by this disaster. The oil spill scandal of BP has killed fish. Therefore, it increases the prices of seafood in the Mexican market (Ritchie et al., 2013). The oil spill scandal has also increases the job insecurity of the workers. As a result, oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has raised questions over the ethical behavior of the organization. It has been identified that BPs cost saving strategy has made huge amount of contribution in the oil spill catastrophe in the Gulf Mexico. However, the incident has created ethical dilemma for the BP between meeting criteria of the safety in terms of providing huge number of facilities at the platform rig and the saving costs by taking unnecessary risks in the operational process (Kleinnijenhuis et al., 2013). Since, utilization of cost effective strategy can actually enhance the profit level of the organization. On the other hand, it increases the health safety issues for the workers, environmental issue and legal issues that BP has to face in order to utilize its operational process in an appropriate manner. Thus, corporate social responsibility and ethical behavior of the organization will have to be utilized in such a way so that it can able to cover both the factors in an effective manner. However, catastrophe in the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has highlighted that BP has un able to include all the factors in their CSR responsibility effectively (Bond, 2013). As a result, BP has able to get the opportunity of implementing risky technique for performing the operational process. As per the Utilitariantheory, organizational actions should be based on the moral rules. It defines whether an action is morally relevant or not. Thus, it highlighted the fact that BP has to put more focus on the environmental and health safety factor (Issacharoff Rave, 2013). Thus, it actually affected the CSR maintenance of the organization. The Utilitariantheory also mentioned that organizations have to sacrifice some of their profit in order to gain larger future benefits. However, oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico highlighted that BP is not focusing too much on their ethical behavior of providing proper working atmosphere for the employees. On the other hand, individualistic business theory highlighted the fact that every organization only has to focus on making profit. In fact, the theory highlighted that organizations have to do whatever it takes in order to enhance the profit level as long as it is in the legal boundaries. In this oil spill case, it has been identified that me chanical failure at the rig has caused the accident. Therefore, it highlighted that BP has not done any illegal for the utilization of the operational process (Barrage, Chyn Hastings, 2014). For that reason, individualistic business theory induces BP to maintain its present cost effective operational procedure. As per the Kantian theory, organizations have to respect people, make rational decision and make decision based on the goodwill. The above disaster highlighted the fact that BP has to focus on these factors in order to operate properly. Therefore, it does create question mark on the ethical maintenance procedure of the organization. Thus, it is important for BP to include moral aspect in the business processes so that it can able to maintain its CSR responsibility in appropriate way. For instance, BP has to focus on the emission reduction program so that it can create positive impact on the environment as well. The demand for natural oil product is increasing every day (Horowitz, 2014). As a result, it is polluting the environment in a huge way. Thus, BPs CSR maintenance will have to focus on the emission of greenhouse gases so that its oil exploration process cannot able to impact too much on the environmental condition. CSR responsibility of BP can initiate support policies that will focus on the efficiency of the production process so that it requires less energy. BP also has to participate on the international debates, which focuses on the climate change. This will help the organization to improve the knowledge about different factors so that the organization can able to maintain ethics in a proper way. BP a lso has to understand the fact that stakeholders are becoming more concern about the toxic emissions (Boopathy, Shields Nunna, 2012). Therefore, BPs ethical behavior has to ensure that all the rigs have the required amount of capability so that it can able to deal with the mechanical failure in a much more effective way. BP also has to invest more on the health and safety process of the workers in order to reduce the possibility of life risk at the workplace. For instance, BP has to focus on the construction standards of the drilling rigs. Since, a well-prepared structure will reduce the probability of such kind of oil spill catastrophe. Conclusion: The above discussion highlighted that ethics play crucial role in the operational process of the organizations. The oil spill disaster in the Gulf of Mexico has also induces BP to make several changes on the operational processes so that it can reduce the possibility of such kind of disaster and also maintain the moral aspects of the business. BP has to focus on the maintenance of meeting all the criteria, as it will help the organization to develop a strong image in the world market. References: Barrage, L., Chyn, E., Hastings, J. (2014).Advertising, reputation, and environmental stewardship: Evidence from the bp oil spill(No. w19838). National Bureau of Economic Research. Bond, D. (2013). Governing disaster: the political life of the environment during the BP oil spill.Cultural anthropology,28(4), 694-715. Boopathy, R., Shields, S., Nunna, S. (2012). Biodegradation of crude oil from the BP oil spill in the marsh sediments of southeast Louisiana, USA.Applied biochemistry and biotechnology,167(6), 1560-1568. Brennan, L. C. (2013).Gulf Oil Spill. ABDO Publishing Company. Horowitz, A. (2014). The BP oil spill and the end of empire, Louisiana.Southern Cultures,20(3), 6-23. Issacharoff, S., Rave, D. T. (2013). The BP Oil Spill Settlement and the Paradox of Public Litigation. Kleinnijenhuis, J., Schultz, F., Utz, S., Oegema, D. (2013). The mediating role of the news in the BP oil spill crisis 2010: How US news is influenced by public relations and in turn influences public awareness, foreign news, and the share price.Communication Research, 0093650213510940. Michel, J., Owens, E. H., Zengel, S., Graham, A., Nixon, Z., Allard, T., ... Rutherford, N. (2013). Extent and degree of shoreline oiling: Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Gulf of Mexico, USA.PloS one,8(6), e65087. Ritchie, B. W., Crotts, J. C., Zehrer, A., Volsky, G. T. (2013). Understanding the effects of a tourism crisis: the impact of the BP oil spill on regional lodging demand.Journal of Travel Research, 0047287513482775. www.bp.com (2016). Retrieved 16 August 2016, from https://www.bp.com/en_us/bp-us/commitment-to...gulf.../deepwater-horizon-accident.html
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Northwest Case Study Essay Synopsis: Northwest Canadian Forest Products Limited is a company that owns and operates five saw mills in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada. They produce lumber for construction in a few different countries. The President of the company is dealing with a tough situation with one of her mills in Jackson, British Columbia. The mill in Jackson is her least productive mill and she soon has to make a decision that could cost the company a substantial amount of money. She has the choice of either investing 50 million in the weak Jackson mill or to invest more that 50 million in a new mill high demand area. The president has been informed of the many complaints from the managers and supervisors, but nothing seems to be the right solution. The Jackson mill faces many problems with their safety regimen as well as the overall structure of the employees. The mill cannot operate productively internal employee disputes. The president stated that she will not invest 50 million in Jackson unless the new general manager makes some much needed improvement. The president soon needs to make the decision on whether to upgrade the Jackson Mill, or to start a new mill and lay off a large number of workers Diagnosis: Northwest Canadian Forest Products Limited has many problems they are facing with their Jackson mill. The problem is that there are poor labor-management relations. Workers have gone on strike multiple times leaving the company with physical and financial damage. There is no way a company will succeed unless there is some type of control within this branch. The managers are not taking their jobs seriously or even acting within reason. It has been noted that the overall safety of the employees is at risk due to past inspections. This company has no structure what so ever and has no goal oriented drive. Apparently almost every employee has some complaint directed at someone else. Not one employee seems to be willing to compromise toward a particular goal. Managers and Supervisors are not worried about the overall quality of the product being made; they are more concerned with the speed of production. The intense requirements put on the laborers are causing problems which lead to unfair treatment. Most of the laborers were not properly trained with the equipment because that was not the managerÃ¢â¬â¢s main concern. We will write a custom essay sample on Northwest Case Study specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Northwest Case Study specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Northwest Case Study specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Management was trying to be productive with speeding up production, but in return got angry employees working in unsafe areas. It is understood that there is no trust in the labor management relation, making it almost impossible for improvement. The overall problem should have been taken care of by the president when it first started many years ago. The products limited company does not understand the importance of goal oriented production. Each employee has a different goal in mind and in return none are getting reached. The president wants a quality product with efficient production; while the managers want mass production in a short amount of time. The laborerÃ¢â¬â¢s are getting over worked because they try and produce a quality product, but is impossible with the push they receive. In return the president is angry at the managers for the poor quality, while the managers are angry with laborers. It is a big circle of arguments that does not get solved. Solutions: 1)The first solution to the sawmills problem would be to get structure in the company. The president needs to go down to Jackson and take control of this situation. She needs to have managers and supervisors that take the blame for loss of productivity instead of blaming the labors. The president needs to be confident in these employees because they are the backbone of her operation. Before the 50 million dollars can be invested the situation needs to be handled. The president needs to make sure that her employees know safety is important to her. Some labors never felt safe and they thought the only goal was to make money. When safety checks are conducted then employees can be properly trained to do their intended job. If time is spent now to reinforce their skills with production money will be saved because there will be less down time. The company has been losing money for years now, so doing the correct procedures now will benefit them. The employees overall need to have a safe, friendly working environment or the saw mill will go back to how it originally operated. Each set of workers needs to be assigned a supervisor, then that supervisor reports to the manager. The general manger has the ultimate authority when it comes to decisions in the plant. The president puts full trust in the GM to run the day to day operations in this company. The 50 million dollars invested should not just go straight towards equipment. Some of that needs to be budgeted for employee training, safety upgrades, management seminars, productivity seminars, and employee surveys. Each one of these upgrades will contribute to the relations problem stated by the president. These problems will not just vanish; many companies elect these options as a form of improvement. If each of these options can be taken into account the company will have a better chance of success. These employees were thrown into a work environment they were not suited for. Each individual mill needs to have individual goals. The manager at the Jackson mill cannot expect to put out the same production as another mill in British Columbia. Every situation is different and each mill needs to set a limit. 2)The second solution to the problem would be to have the president invest in another mill in Alberta, Canada. The mill in Jackson, BC has so many problems and loss of productivity there needs to be some kind of change. Investing the 50 million would be too much of a risk because they have not turned profit in many years. If they downsize the mill, the GM can start from the ground up and gain some control of the situation. The president needs to realize each additional employee in her Jackson mill is contributing to the downfall of that individual mill. With the 50 million plus investment in Alberta, Northwest Canadian Forest Products Limited can now serve the demand of the customers in that market. This solution is still risky; however the company knows what kind of demand to expect because they are already in the area with another mill. They can predict how much business they will be getting due to the other mill. If one mill has to many production orders, the other mill can help out so the internal workers stay on track. This would be beneficial because employees would not be pushed to meet a quota of certain products. The president can learn from the Jackson mill that pushing employees to the limit has a negative effect. These mills are known for producing high quality lumber and it would be a mistake to test clients to see if they can tell the differences. The big investment in the new mill would save the quality of the product. Conclusion: The Preferred solution would be to get the Jackson mill in order before starting to make any investment. Jackson does need some upgrades, but the president believed that most of the problems were due to poor labor management. The Jackson mill has the same equipment as the other mills and those mills are not having any difficulties with productivity. The 50 million would be a waste on new equipment because that is not the main source of the problem. By downsizing the Jackson mill the GM can really get an idea of what plan he needs to put into action. The negative side of this action would be laying off workers, however if it is needed then there is no choice. If the Jackson mill is still underwater with better management then the president can make the right decision. Investing a large sum of money anywhere is a huge risk, she just needs to way out her options. If Jackson management is inline and production is up then the 50 million dollar investment would be beneficial. The company needs to look at the history of the Jackson mill. They upgraded the mill in 1986 and since then is has been the poorest in productivity and quality. This upgrade in the past confirms that the poor quality and productivity is in fact not the equipment. Overall downsizing is the best option and investing in another plant with high demand for product. Given the information from the case is hard to make a definite decision because there are no financial numbers given to us.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Definition and Examples of Descriptive Grammar The term descriptive grammar refers to an objective, nonjudgmental description of the grammatical constructions in a language. Its an examination of how a language is actually being used, in writing and in speech. Specialists in descriptiveÃ grammarÃ (linguists) examine the principles and patterns that underlie the use of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences. Kirk Hazen notes, Descriptive grammarsÃ do not give advice: They detail the ways in whichÃ native speakersÃ use their language. A descriptive grammar is a survey of a language. For any living language, a descriptive grammar from one century will differ from a descriptive grammar of the next century because the language will have changed. (An Introduction to Language. John Wiley, 2015) Descriptive grammar, Edwin L. Battistella notes in Bad Language,Ã is the basis forÃ dictionaries, which record changes inÃ vocabularyÃ andÃ usage, and for the field ofÃ linguistics, which aims at describing languages and investigating the nature of language.Ã The term descriptive is a little bit misleading, as descriptive grammar does provide analysis and explanation of the languages grammar and not just description of it. Contrast Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar Contrast the type with prescriptive grammar, whichÃ notes how something should or should not be used, what is right and wrong.Ã Prescriptive grammarians (such as most editors and teachers) attempt to enforce rules concerning Ã¢â¬Å"correctÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"incorrectÃ¢â¬ usage. According to Donald G. Ellis, All languages adhere to syntactical rules of one sort or another, but the rigidity of these rules is greater in some languages. It is very important to distinguish between the syntactical rules that govern a language and the rules that a culture imposes on its language. This is the distinction between descriptive grammar and prescriptive grammar. Descriptive grammars are essentially scientific theories that attempt to explain how language works....People spoke long before there were linguists around to uncover the rules of speaking....Prescriptive grammars, on the other hand, are the stuff of high school English teachers. They prescribe, like medicine for what ails you, how you ought to speak.Ã (From Language to Communication. Lawrence Erlbaum, 1999) Examples of the Difference To illustrate the difference between the types, for a descriptive grammarian, the sentence I aint going, is grammatical, because its spoken by someone using the language to construct a sentence that has meaning for someone else who speaks the same language. However, to a prescriptive grammarian, it most certainly isnt a grammatical sentence, because, as the adage says, aint aint a word... (though it is in the dictionary). And just having the wordÃ aintÃ in the dictionary exactly illustrates the difference between the two types- descriptive grammar notes its use in the language, pronunciation, meaning, and maybe even etymology, without judgment. Its prescriptive grammar that says that the termÃ aintÃ shouldnt be used, especially in formal speaking or writing. For a descriptive grammarian to say that something is ungrammatical, the sentence would need to be something that a native speaker just wouldnt put together. For example, someone speaking English wouldnt put two question words at the beginning of a single sentence. The result would be unintelligible as well as ungrammatical. In that case, the descriptive and prescriptive grammarians would agree.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
The Glycosylation Profile of Proteins in Biological Fluids - Research Paper Example The kinds of buyers who are expected to be frequently served are habitual shoppers who buy products at same places over and over and in the same manner. These shoppers get awareness once they have run out of a product and use only information provided or easily available. Once they visit retail outlets they discover new products. In the evaluation stage, they are likely to fall back on long-held preferences since they are brand loyal but they are also susceptible to change. To make the purchase, they have to be reminded and their purchase can be planned or unplanned. In the last stage of post-sale service, they perform moderate evaluations unless switching brands (Nunes & Cespedes, nap). The best channel for this device places it in several factory outlet stores, websites and use of catalogue so that the buyer can get the information wherever they are used to shop. To create awareness of the product, salespersons or adverts can be placed at their favourite sites or factory locations and enough information provided to convince them to change their preferences. Such adverts or sales promotions keep reminding them of the need to buy such devices. Once they buy the product, they are likely to repeat the purchase as they become brand loyal. The open system is essential for such shoppers as they prefer buying everything in one place and not much concerned with product quality assurance. Targeted e-mail campaigns can also be used to remind such customers of the need to buy the devices.